How Yogi made history, broke jinx and belied myths
NEW DELHI: Yogi Adityanath on Friday created history many times over as he took oath as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for a record second consecutive term.
Adityanath has become the first CM in 70 years of UP’s electoral history to complete a full tenure of five years and go on to win a second consecutive term.
Only five CMs, including Adityanath, have won a second consecutive term in UP ever. The four CMs before him to do so were Sampurnananda in 1957, Chandrabhanu Gupta in 1962, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna in 1974 and Narayan Dutt Tiwari in 1985.
ND Tiwari of the Congress was CM of undivided UP in 1985 when the state went to election. The Congress won and so did Tiwari who went on to retain the post for the second term in a row. Since then, no CM has succeeded in retaining the CM’s chair for a second consecutive term. Adityanath is the first CM to do so since then.
By the time Adityanath completes his second term, he will be the longest serving chief minister of the country’s most populous state.
Yogi Adityanath’s return to power has also broken the infamous Noida jinx that kept chief ministers away from the district. This ‘Noida jinx’ gained currency in the state politics after then Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Vir Bahadur Singh was forced to resign in 1988, only a few days after he visited Noida.
Vir Bahadur Singh’s successor Narain Dutt Tiwari lost power in the 1989 Uttar Pradesh Assembly election. He also visited Noida as chief minister.
Yogi Adityanath’s return to power has also belied the myth of Kalidas Marg where the official residence of the chief minister is situated.
It was widely believed that chief ministers did not enjoy consecutive terms because of the Kalidas which ‘curse’ — the famous Sanskrit poet known to have cut the branch he was sitting on which made the residents of the Kalidas Marg bungalow work against their own interests.
In the recently-concluded assembly polls, the BJP and its allies managed to win 255 seats — down from 312 in 2017.
It managed to retain most of its seats but the Samajwadi Party mopped up many constituencies this time around.
The BJP’s vote share however increased from 39.7% in 2017 t0 41. 3% in 2022.
In 2022, the saffron party won many seats with a lower victory margin compared to 2017.
The BJP fielded many fresh faces in 2022 and the gamble paid off as two-thirds of the newcomers were able to secure their seat. The BJP fielded a total of 200 fresh faces out of which 126 were victorious — a strike rate of 63%. The SP fielded 199 newcomers out of which 56 won — a strike rate of 28.1%. The BSP had 346 new faces out of which only 1 won, while none of the 335 fresh faces fielded by the Congress won.
The incumbent MLAs that were fielded by the saffron party also managed to repay the trust of the BJP with 116 of the 149 candidates winning their seat — a strike rate of 77.9%. SP also did well in this regard with 25 of 39 siting MLAs winning their seat – a strike rate of 64.1%.
Meanwhile, proving most of the pre-poll forecasts wrong, the BJP managed to retain its hold on the Jat voters in the state. The BJP won one seat less, but increased its vote share by 2.6%. The Rashtriya Lok Dal gained big and increased its vote share among Jat voters by over 10%.
However, in the larger picture, women continue to be under-represented in UP politics. Whether as MLAs or candidates, women made up for just over a tenth of the totals for both BJP and SP alliances. Congress, following through on its pre-poll promise, saw women make up more than a third of its candidates, but only 1 won.
Watch Yogi Adityanath makes several records as he and the BJP return to power in Uttar Pradesh